30 Amazing Galapagos Islands Animals

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[Up to date 2/14/2020]  In a rugged archipelago located 600 miles off the coast of Ecuador, there are greater than 200 recorded species of Galapagos Islands animals.

From a historic perspective, the islands’distant location and harsh volcanic terrain performed an enormous function of their present standing as a world-renowned nature sanctuary.

The islands have been a favourite spot amongst pirates (who pillaged the Galapagos tortoise inhabitants for meat) and whalers (who plundered its waters for his or her ample bounty) within the 17th and 18th centuries.

However all efforts to colonize the realm ended badly, and by the late 1800s the Galapagos Islands have been extensively thought of cursed.

Many of the 13 main and seven smaller islands stay uninhabited right this moment, with over 97% of the archipelago preserved as a nationwide park.

Because of these conservation efforts, the Galapagos Islands stays one of many world’s most pristine and unspoiled UNESCO World Heritage Sites, with a outstanding array of mammals, reptiles, amphibians and chicken species to be seen.

Listed here are a few of our favourite Galapagos wildlife we noticed throughout our journey with Worldwide Expeditions.

They embrace animals solely discovered within the Galapagos Islands such because the Flightless Cormorant, Galapagos Flamingo, Galapagos Penguins, Darwin’s Finches, Marine Iguanas, and extra.

READ MORE: Galapagos Conservation


  1. Galapagos Island Birds
  2. Galapagos Mammals
  3. Galapagos Reptiles
  4. Galapagos Island Marine Creatures


Galapagos Islands Animals: The Blue-Footed Booby mating dance on Espanola Island.

Blue-Footed Booby

Latin Identify: Sula nebouxii
Habitat: Tropical/Subtropical islands in Pacific Ocean
Measurement: 32 to 34 inches, 3.Four kilos
Eating regimen: Fish, sardines, anchovies, mackerel, squid
Conservation Standing: Least Concern, inhabitants steady

The three booby species rank among the many hottest birds of the Galapagos Islands, and the Blue-Footed Booby was simply our favourite.

They usually feed near shore, making spectacular dives into the ocean to catch fish, and are extensively distributed in small ground-nesting colonies.

The Blue Footed Booby Dance is an elaborate mating ritual, with stampy-feet and a pose generally known as “skypointing,”.

I truly missed the weird show on account of a critical bout of seasickness, however Mary captured this unbelievable shot.

READ MORE: Birds of the Galapagos Islands 

Galapagos Islands Baby Animals: Nazca Booby

Nazca Booby

Latin Identify: Sula granti
Habitat: Galapagos/Malpelo Archipelagos, Pacific Coast of Central America
Measurement: 30 to 35 inches, Three to five kilos
Eating regimen: Small fish, squid
Conservation Standing: Least Concern, inhabitants reducing

The Nazca Booby, which was previously generally known as a Masked Booby on account of distinctive facial markings, is understood for committing siblicide.

Nazca Boobies lay two eggs, however the oldest chick usually kills the youngest.

Right here, the surviving offspring encourages his mother to regurgitate a meal of recent fish, which they catch by diving into the water with unbelievable velocity and velocity.

Galapagos Islands Unique Animals: Red footed boobies

Purple-Footed Booby

Latin Identify: Sula sula
Habitat: Tropical/Subtropical Atlantic, Pacific, Indian Oceans
Measurement: 2.1 to 2.5 ft, 2-Three kilos
Eating regimen: Small fish, squid
Conservation Standing: Least Concern, inhabitants reducing

The Purple-Footed Booby is the smallest and most plentiful of the three completely different booby chicken species which are discovered within the Galapagos Islands. 

As you may see from the photograph above, they arrive in each a white and brown morph, however each have the attribute coloured ft.

Purple-Footed Boobies usually nest in bushes and shrubs on the outer-most islands, as a result of they like to feed far out to sea.

There, they make spectacular dives to prey on small fish or squid noticed on the water’s floor.

The very best place to see them is close to the horseshoe-shaped seaside on Genovesa Island, which is aptly nicknamed “Hen Island” for the massive colonies you’ll discover there.

READ MORE: Exploring Genovesa & Fernandina Islands

Galapagos Finch -Darwin's Finch

Galapagos Finches

Latin Identify: Geospiza magnirostris
Habitat: Galapagos Islands
Measurement: 10 to 20 cm, .2 to 1.Four ounces
Eating regimen: Opuntia cacti, fruits, vegetation
Conservation Standing: Endangered, inhabitants reducing

The 14 species of Darwin’s Finches (a.okay.a. Galapagos Finches) belong to the tanager household and will not be intently associated to true finches.

They performed a vital function in Charles Darwin’s idea of pure choice, as every Galapagos species has a particular beak dimension and form and specialised feeding habits.

Collectively, they fill the roles of some seven completely different households of birds which are discovered on mainland South America.

READ MORE: Q&A w/Swen Lorenz of the Charles Darwin Basis

Animals of Galapagos Islands: Flightless Cormorants

Galapagos Flightless Cormorant

Latin Identify: Phalacrocorax harrisi
Habitat: Galapagos Islands
Measurement: 35 to 40 inches, 5.5 to 11 kilos
Eating regimen: Eels, octopus, fish
Conservation Standing: Susceptible, inhabitants steady

The Flightless Cormorant ranks among the many world’s rarest chicken species, with lower than 1000 left within the Galapagos Islands.

It’s positively an odd chicken, with black and brown feathers, turquoise eyes, growling voices, and wings about 1/Three the dimensions that might be required to ensure that the chicken to fly.

Their feathers aren’t waterproof, so that they spend a whole lot of time drying them within the daylight.

They’re discovered solely on Fernandina and Isabela Islands, the place you regularly see them diving searching for fish, eels and different small prey.


Galapagos Islands Endemic Species - Galapagos Dove
Photograph by Joseph C Boone, CC BY-SA 3.0

Galapagos Dove

Latin Identify: Zenaida galapagoensis
Habitat: Subtropical forests and shrublands within the Galapagos Islands
Measurement: 7 to 9 inches, 2.Three to three.Three ounces
Eating regimen: Caterpillars, flowers, cacti, seeds, fruits
Conservation Standing: Least Concern, inhabitants steady

The Galapagos dove isn’t probably the most uncommon or endangered chicken within the Galapagos. They’re fairly frequent, particularly within the archipelago’s arid lowlands.

However they’re native to the islands and intriguing: Each time their nests are at risk, the adults will feign damage with a purpose to lure the would-be invader away.

Additionally they carry out a novel bee-like operate, serving to to pollinate the Opuntia Cactus upon which they wish to feed.

When it comes to look, they’re not unattractive both. They’ve reddish-brown higher elements, pink neck and breast, buff-coloured stomach, and brown wings streaked with white and black.

Additionally they have a particular downward-curved beak for feeding on floor fruits and seeds.

READ MORE: Darwin’s Paradise: A Galapagos Islands Journey

The Galapagos Islands Animals: Galapagos Flamingo

Galapagos Flamingo

Latin Identify: Phoenicopterus ruber
Habitat: Shallow waters, coastlines Galapagos / Archipelago of Ecuador
Measurement: 43 to 59 inches, 4.Four to eight.eight kilos
Eating regimen: Crustaceans, water crops
Conservations: Least Concern

The Galapagos Flamingo is the world’s smallest flamingo species.

With round 350 left within the wild, they’re listed as Endangered by the IUCN, and are some of the endangered of all Galapagos Islands animals.

They will normally be present in saltwater lagoons close to the ocean, feeding on the brine shrimp whose aqueous micro organism and beta carotene give them their pink coloration.

The place populations elsewhere require giant teams for profitable breeding, Galápagos Flamingos can breed with just some pairs current, producing chicks with gray plumage.

READ MORE: Exploring Santa Cruz & Espanola Islands

Galapagos Animals -Galapagos Flycatcher Bird
Photograph by Benjamint444, GFDL 1.2

Galapagos Flycatcher

Latin Identify: Myiarchus magnirostris
Habitat: Tropical forests / shrubland of Galapagos Islands
Measurement: 5.9 to six.Three inches, .Four to .66 ounces
Eating regimen: Bugs
Conservation Standing: Least Concern, inhabitants reducing

Also called the Giant-billed Flycatcher or Papamoscas, this lovely chicken is the smallest species in its genus. It’s additionally the one Flycatcher discovered within the Galapagos Islands.

It measures round 6 inches lengthy, with a slight bushy crest and drab gray plumage offset by yellow bellies.

They’re generally seen on the primary islands within the archipelago, residing in tropical dry forests and arid scrub close to cacti.

It is a daring, curious chicken that’s recognized for perching on guests and/or their cameras. Some specialists imagine they’re interested in the reflection of themselves within the lenses, believing it to be one other chicken.

READ MORE: The World’s Greatest Small Ship Cruises

Galapagos Birds: Galapagos Hawk

Galapagos Hawk

Latin Identify: Buteo galapagoensis
Habitat: Shoreline / Deciduous forest / Galapagos Islands
Measurement: 18 to 23 inches, 1.eight to three kilos
Eating regimen: Invertebrates, snakes, rodents, lizards
Conservation Standing: Susceptible, inhabitants steady

With few pure predators, the Galápagos Hawk performs an important function within the archipelago’s ecosystem.

Related in dimension to a red-tailed hawk, they use their sharp beaks and claws to prey on lizards, snakes, rodents, marine iguanas and the occasional turtle hatchling.

Additionally they feast on carrion, even that which is just too rancid for different animals to eat.

Galapagos Islands Animals: Galapagos Mockingbird

Galapagos Mockingbird

Latin Identify: Mimus parvulus
Habitat: Coastal shrubland, lowland, Galapagos Islands
Measurement: 9 to 10 inches, 51 to 56 grams
Eating regimen: Seeds, invertebrates, eggs, child turtles
Conservation Standing: Least Concern, inhabitants steady

The long-tailed, long-legged, long-beaked Galapagos Mockingbird is a comparatively frequent sighting, with six endemic subspecies unfold throughout the archipelago.

The omnivore eats virtually something– seeds, eggs, fruit and extra– and helps to distribute viable seeds throughout the islands after digesting them.

Endemic Galapagos Islands Animals -Lava Gull
By Krugerlive; Transferred to Commons by Kurt Formed Field, CC BY-SA 3.0

Lava Gull

Latin Identify: Leucophaeus fuliginosus
Habitat: Seashores / Coastlines of Islands (Galapagos)
Measurement: 20 to 22 inches, 13 ounces
Eating regimen: Fish, crustaceans, lizards, turtles, iguanas
Conservation Standing: Susceptible, inhabitants growing

Also called the Dusky Gull, the Lava Gull is at the moment thought of the rarest gull on this planet, with an estimated 300-500 people left.

A part of the “hooded gull” group, it’s most intently associated to the Franklin’s Gull and Laughing Gull.

It measures round 20 inches lengthy and weighs 13 ounces, with darkish gray wings whose white lined edges are believed to assist with camouflage.

The extremely territorial, solitary nesters are mostly seen on the islands of Genovesa, Isabela, San Cristobal, and Santa Cruz.

READ MORE: Genovesa Island, Galapagos

Galapagos Birds: A Lava Heron fishes along the shore of Santiago Island.

Lava Heron

Latin Identify: Butorides striata
Habitat: Lava rock coastlines, saltwater lagoons, mangrove forests
Measurement: 35 centimeters, 190 to 235 grams
Eating regimen: Small crabs, fish
Conservation Standing: Least Concern, inhabitants reducing

This attractive grey-green man, also called the Galápagos heron, is among the archipelago’s endemic chicken species.

It was previously lumped in with the Inexperienced Heron, and is taken into account by some specialists (together with BirdLife Worldwide) to be a subspecies of the Striated Heron.

However it’s formally thought of a definite species, Butorides sundevalli.

I had a wonderful time watching this one on the shores of Fernandina Island because it stalked fish and Sally Lightfoot Crabs, spearing them together with his sharp beak at lightning velocity.

They’ve additionally been recognized to eat flies buzzing across the islands’ cacti.

Galapagos Islands Animals: Magnificent Frigate With Inflated Pouch

Magnificent Frigate

Latin Identify: Fregata magnificens
Habitat: Coastlines, Tropical/Subtropical oceans, mangrove cays
Measurement: 35 to 45 inches, 35.Three to 67 ounces
Eating regimen: Flying fish, fish, plankton, crabs, jellyfish
Conservation Standing: Least Concern

The Magnificent Frigate isn’t endemic to the Galapagos, however it’s one in all its space’s most spectacular inhabitants.

With our bodies as much as 45 inches lengthy and a large wingspan, they will normally be seen hovering aloft (usually on wind currents created by boats), by no means touching the water.

They feed by both snatching fish from the ocean’s floor or forcing different birds to regurgitate their meal to allow them to steal it.

Throughout mating season, males inflate their pink throat pouches dramatically to draw females, which makes for dramatic, colourful photographs.

READ MORE: Exploring San Cristobal & Genovesa Islands

Galapagos Island Penguins in Tagus Cove

Galapagos Penguins

Latin Identify: Spheniscus mendiculus
Habitat: Galapagos Islands
Measurement: 19 to 21 inches, 5.5 kilos
Eating regimen: Small fish
Conservation Standing: Endangered, inhabitants reducing

Galapagos Island Penguins are principally seen on Fernandina and Isabela, the place fewer than 1,000 breeding pairs stay.

Measuring simply 19 inches lengthy and weighing 5 kilos, these tiny Galapagos penguins have genetically tailored to the warmth (59º-82ºF).

They regulate their physique temperature by stretching out their flippers, avoiding the solar, panting and swimming within the islands’ cool waters.

READ MORE: Secrets and techniques to Swimming With Galapagos Penguins

Galapagos Birds: Short-eared Owl on Genovesa Island

Brief-Eared Owl

Latin Identify: Asio flammeus
Habitat: Marshes, bogs
Measurement: 13 to 17 inches, 7.Three to 16.eight ounces
Eating regimen: Small mammals, birds, rats, bats, rabbits
Conservation Standing: DATA DEFICIENT

These birds of prey are named for the tufts of feathers they’ve, which look a bit just like the ears of mammals. The ears aren’t normally seen, as they’re displayed solely when the owl strikes a defensive pose.

Measuring round 13-17 inches lengthy, the Brief-eared Owl boasts lovely plumage, mottle tawny and brown with a barred tail and wings. Their flight sample is oddly irregular, extra like a moth or bat than different birds.

They’re most frequently seen in open nation and grasslands. However our information was delighted to identify this one resting within the crevice of a seaside cliff formation on the island of Genovesa.

Galapagos Islands Animals: Swallow-Tailed Gull

Swallow-Tailed Gull

Latin Identify: Creagrus furcatus
Habitat: Steep, Rocky Slopes of Galapagos islands
Measurement: 20 to 22 inches, 22 to 28 ounces
Eating regimen: Fish, squid
Conservation Standing: DATA DEFICIENT

The endemic Swallow-Tailed Gull is the one totally nocturnal seabird in all the world.

Mating pairs of those lovely birds will nest on steep slopes, ledges, and seashores, regularly staying collectively and breeding 12 months after 12 months.

Their red-ringed eyes are a placing, defining characteristic.

Galapagos Albatross

Galapagos Albatross

Latin Identify: Phoebastria irrorata
Habitat: Galapagos Islands
Measurement: 31 to 35 inches, 7.Four kilos
Eating regimen: Squid, fish, crustaceans
Conservation Standing: Critically Endangered, inhabitants reducing

Labeled as Critically Endangered on account of their small breeding vary, the Galapagos Waved Albatross is barely discovered on Española Island.

Pairs normally mate for all times, usually arriving in late March and doing an elaborate mating dance to make sure they’ve the appropriate associate.

Throughout non-breeding season, they transfer to the waters off the coast of Ecuador and Peru.


Galapagos Fur Seal
Photograph by D. Gordon E. Robertson, CC BY-SA 3.0

Galapagos Fur Seal

Latin Identify: Arctocephalus galapagoensis
Habitat: Tropical islands / Galapagos Islands
Measurement: Four to five ft, 87 kilos
Eating regimen: Fish, squid, shellfish
Conservation Standing: Endangered, inhabitants reducing

Usually confused with the plentiful Galapagos Sea Lions, the Galapagos Fur Seal is smaller and far much less generally seen.

Their thick fur ranges in coloration from darkish brown to gentle grey coloration, and males are a lot bigger than females.

Very like the Galapagos Penguin, these Fur Seals are specialists in thermoregulation.

Analysis has proven that these animals sweat in the event that they get too scorching, however they will management their physique temperature by instinctively regulating the stream of blood to their flippers.

Whereas the Sea Lions appear to like the water greater than absolutely anything, Fur Seals diving their time on land and in water pretty equally.

You gained’t usually see them on the sandy shores of Galapagos seashores, so search for them lazing about on rocks close to the water.

READ MORE: 7 Life Classes I Discovered within the Galapagos Islands

Baby Galapagos Sea Lions

Galapagos Sea Lion

Latin Identify: Zalophus wollebaeki
Habitat: Rocky shorelines, seashores / Galapagos Islands
Measurement: 59 to 98 inches, 110 to 880 kilos
Eating regimen: Fish, squid, octopus, crustaceans
Conservation Standing: Endangered, inhabitants reducing

The Galapagos Sea Lion is listed by the Worldwide Union for the Conservation of Nature as an Endangered Species.

However you wouldn’t realize it from touring the islands, the place these curious cuties are virtually all over the place.

They appear actually awkward on land, with a lurching side-to-side gait, loud barks and an array of weird noises.

However in the water– the place we noticed them practically each time we snorkeled– Galapagos Sea Lions remodel into elegant and fascinating acrobats.


Animals Galapagos Islands -Hoary Bat
By Paul Cryan, U.S. Geological Survey, Public Area 

Galapagos Hoary Bat

Latin Identify: Lasiurus cinereus
Habitat: Coniferous forests, caves / Galapagos Islands
Measurement: 5 to five.7 inches, .9 ounces
Eating regimen: Flies, beetles, small wasps, termites, dragonflies
Conservation Standing: DATA DEFICIENT

The Hoary Bat could be discovered extensively all through a lot of North and South America.

However the ones you’ll see within the Galapagos are a disjunct inhabitants, which suggests they’re associated but in addition separated.

It’s a reasonably large bat, measuring as much as 5.7 inches lengthy, with a 15-inch wingspan. It’s named for its dense, darkish brown coat of fur, which has frosty white tips about the hairs.

They normally roost alone on bushes, hidden by foliage, however can often be present in cave colonies with different bats.

Photograph by I Am Mike’s Photos through CC 2.0

Purple Bat

Latin Identify: Lasiurus borealis
Habitat: Deciduous forests, coniferous forests
Measurement: 3.5 to 4.5 inches, .43 ounces
Eating regimen: Beetles, moths, ants, different bugs
Conservation Standing: Least Concern, inhabitants steady

The Galapagos Purple Bat is a subspecies of the Southern Purple Bat, which is present in North and South America.

However the place the Southern Purple Bat migrates with the seasons, its Galapagos cousin is believed to stay comparatively sedentary.

The Purple Bat is the smallest of the Galapagos bat species, with rusty orange fur, red-frosted hindquarters, and a brief, blunt head.

They’re nocturnal, spending many of the day roosting beneath leaves within the forest.

At night time they arrive out to hunt quite a lot of bugs, together with moths, flies, true bugs, beetles and cicadas.


Yawning Galapagos Tortoise

Galapagos Tortoise

Latin Identify: Chelonoidis nigra
Habitat: Galapagos Islands
Measurement: 5 ft, 550 kilos
Eating regimen: Prickly pear cactus, fruits, flowers, grasses
Conservation Standing: Susceptible

The prehistoric-looking Galapagos Tortoise can stay over 150 years, they usually’ve performed an integral function within the historical past of the Galapagos Islands.

They have been virtually hunted to extinction, with numbers dwindling to round 3,000 within the 1970s.

However they have been additionally a key affect on Darwin’s Concept of Evolution: Tortoises from completely different islands assorted drastically in dimension and look, suggesting genetic adaptation to their respective environments.

Thankfully, conservation efforts have confirmed efficient, and the tortoise inhabitants right this moment has risen to round 20,000.


Galapagos Islands Snakes

Galapagos Islands Snakes

Latin Identify: Pseudalsophis biserialis or Philodryas biserialis 
Habitat: Galapagos Islands
Measurement: as much as 39 inches
Eating regimen: Small reptiles, eggs, rodents, and chicken hatchlings
Conservation Standing: Close to Threatened

There are three species of endemic snakes discovered within the Galapagos Islands.

The Galapagos Snake contains two subspecies– the Fernandina Snake seen above and the Isabela Snake– that are frequent on the islands for which they’re named.

Measuring as much as 39 inches, they’re both brown with yellow stripes or darkish gray with yellow spots forming a zigzag sample.

Although mildly venomous, they’re primarily constrictors and comparatively innocent to people: One truly slithered proper over the ft of a fellow traveler on our newest journey with out incident.

Galapagos Iguana: Land Iguana in the Galapagos Islands

Galapagos Land Iguana

Latin Identify: Conolophus subcristatus
Habitat: Dry areas of Galapagos Islands
Measurement: Three to five ft, 25 kilos
Eating regimen: Vegetation, shrubs, cactus
Conservation Standing: Susceptible

The vividly colourful Galapagos Land Iguana is arguably amongst my favourite animals of the Galapagos Islands.

Charles Darwin as soon as described them as “ugly animals, of a yellowish orange beneath, and of a brownish-red color above: from their low facial angle they’ve a singularly silly look.”

However we love their historic model of oddity, from the punky yellow spikes atop their seemingly smiling faces to the razor-sharp claws on the finish of their large ft.

READ MORE: Wildlife on North Seymour Island, Galapagos

Galapagos Island Animals-Galapagos Pink Land Iguana by Gabriele Gentile via ICUNRedlist.org
Photograph by Gabriele Gentile through ICUNRedlist.org

Galapagos Pink Land Iguana

Latin Identify: Conolophus marthae
Habitat: Wolf Volcano, Isabela Island, Galapagos
Measurement: approx 3.6 ft, 11 kilos
Eating regimen: bugs, leaves, fruit, flowers
Conservation Standing: Critically Endangered

Located on the north finish of Isabela Island, Wolf Volcano is the realm’s tallest peak (5,600 ft), and erupted in 2015 after 33 years of inactivity.

What’s most attention-grabbing in regards to the volcano is the truth that the wildlife round it’s extremely distinctive.

Not solely from that of different islands within the archipelago, however from that of neighboring volcanoes on Isabela Island.

Amongst its most original resident is the critically endangered Pink Land Iguana, which was first found in 1986 and recognized as a definite species in 2009.

With its pink physique and darkish stripes, this species is the one instance of historic diversification within the genus Conolophus (whose Latin title means “spiny crest”).

Galapagos Islands Animals: Christmas Iguanas

Galapagos Marine Iguana

Latin Identify: Amblyrhynchus cristatus
Habitat: Galapagos Islands
Measurement: Four to five ft, 1 to three.Three kilos
Eating regimen: Algae
Conservation Standing: Threatened

I’ve at all times thought that Galapagos Marine Iguanas seem like little Godzillas, hissing and sneezing with a purpose to expel extra salt from their nasal glands.

They are usually discovered huddling collectively in clumps to heat themselves on the lava rocks.

They range drastically from island to island by way of dimension and coloration. You’ll see all the things from teal inexperienced males on Española to the brick pink colours of the subspecies on Fernandina.

There have been so many iguanas there that you just needed to watch the place you walked for worry of stepping on one!

However my favourite reminiscence is of snorkeling the Galapagos, and seeing Marine Iguanas feeding on algae on rocks 20 ft under us.


Galapagos Islands Lizards: Lava Lizard

Galapagos Lava Lizard

Latin Identify: Microlophus albemarlensis
Habitat: Lowlands, shorelines / Galapagos Islands
Measurement: As much as 1 foot
Eating regimen: Moths, flies, beetles, ants, grasshoppers, crops
Conservation Standing: Susceptible

The beautiful Galapagos Lava Lizard is one other reptile with a seemingly pleasant face.

There are six species endemic to the Galapagos, most of which develop to round 6 inches lengthy.

The are available a good looking vary of colours, from mottled gray and inexperienced to speckled copper or black with gold stripes.

They’ve bought no worry of people and many character, and are regularly noticed close-up on many of the islands.

READ MORE: Exploring North Seymour & Bartolome Islands

Galapagos Islands Insects: Painted Locust

Painted Locust

Latin Identify: Schistocerca melanocera
Habitat: Lowlands, islands
Measurement: eight cm
Eating regimen: Vegetation, grasses, leaves
Conservation Standing: DATA DEFICIENT

Endemic to each Galapagos Island besides Española, the massive Painted Locust can develop to just about 3.5 inches lengthy.

Their vivid colours– yellow, orange, pink and black– are intensely enticing.

However they don’t assist a lot by way of stopping them from being a favourite snack amongst Galapagos Hawks and Lava Lizards.


Galapagos Shark
Galapagos Shark by Scott Perry from San Diego, USA CC BY-SA 2.0  through Wikimedia Commons

Galapagos Shark

Latin Identify: Carcharhinus galapagensis
Habitat: Continental/Insular cabinets
Measurement: 9.eight to 11 ft, 100 kilos
Eating regimen: Eels, fish, squid

Conservation Standing: Close to Threatened

Generally noticed round offshore islands in tropical areas around the globe, this species could be troublesome to distinguish from different reef sharks, such because the Dusky Shark and Gray Reef Shark.

Galapagos Sharks are darkish gray on prime with off-white bellies, black tips about their  tails, and a ridge operating between their dorsal fins.

The tall first dorsal fin is a distinguishing attribute: It has a barely rounded tip and begins over the rear tip of their pectoral fins.

They will develop as much as 9 ft lengthy, and feed totally on bottom-dwelling fish, squid, and octopus.

Although giant Galapagos Sharks could be aggressive, the smaller ones now we have seen whereas snorkeling have been among the many most human-shy of all of the Galapagos Islands animals.

Maybe this is because of over-fishing and poaching for his or her fins, which– when mixed with their gradual reproductive price– has landed the species on the IUCN’s Close to Threatened checklist.

READ MORE: 10 Greatest Locations to Scuba Dive

Red-Lipped Galapagos Batfish, photographed by Rein Ketelaars via Creative Commons
Purple-Lipped Galapagos Batfish, photographed by Rein Ketelaars through Inventive Commons

Galapagos Batfish

Latin Identify: Ogcocephalus darwini
Habitat: Ocean Flooring / Galapagos Islands
Measurement: 40 centimeters
Eating regimen: Deep sea fish, crustaceans
Conservation Standing: Least Concern

Also called the Purple-Lipped Batfish, this freaky-faced fish could be discovered solely within the Galapagos Islands, normally at depths of wherever from 10 to 250 ft.

Along with its pink lips, the fish (a horrible swimmer) is distinguished by its skill to “stroll” on the ocean ground utilizing its pectoral fins.

As soon as they attain maturity, their dorsal fin evolves right into a single spine-like projection that they primarily use to lure prey, together with crustaceans and different small fish.

The illicium on its head is used for a similar goal.

READ MORE: 60 Bizarre Animals from Across the World

Galapagos Islands Sea Animals: Sally Lightfoot Crab

Sally Lightfoot Crab

Latin Identify: Grapsus grapsus
Habitat: Coastlines, shorelines / Galapagos Islands / western coast of South and Central America
Measurement: Three to five inches, .5 kilos
Eating regimen: Algae, detritus, uneaten meals, and so on.
Conservation Standing: UNKNOWN

One of the crucial frequent crabs discovered alongside the western coast of the Americas, this “Purple Rock Crab” is extra generally generally known as the Sally Lightfoot Crab.

They’re a relentless presence on the rocky volcanic shores of the Galapagos, skittering amongst the Sea Lions and Marine Iguanas to feed on algae.

Additionally they eat feed on lifeless animals: These two have been apparently combating over what seemed like an Octopus tentacle on the rocks of Fernandina Island.–by Bret Love; photographs by Allie Love, Bret Love & Mary Gabbett until in any other case famous

READ MORE: Exploring Isabela & Santiago Islands


Our Galapagos Islands journey was sponsored by International Expeditions. However our opinions at all times stay our personal, and we’ll by no means compromise our obligation of integrity to our readers.


Bret Love of Green Global TravelThe co-founder of Inexperienced World Journey and Green Travel Media, Bret Love is a journalist/editor with 21 years of expertise. He’s been revealed in over 100 publications, together with the Atlanta Journal-Structure, Nationwide Geographic, Rolling Stone and Yahoo Journey. He’s an in-demand speaker at journey conferences, protecting matters starting from branding and content material advertising and marketing to accountable journey and the way DMOs can work with bloggers. He’s additionally made a reputation for himself as a content material and influencer advertising and marketing strategist, advising corporations akin to Worldwide Expeditions and Zegrahm Expeditions. 


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